BIJAK is a five-year project (2016-2021) from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) namely “Bangun Indonesia untuk Jaga Alam demi Keberlanjutan” implemented by Chemonics International Inc. By working through national, or “nationwide,” instruments and systems, BIJAK addresses the constellation of market forces, financial incentives, policy levers, social norms and values driving deforestation and biodiversity loss in order to promote enduring changes in individual and organizational behavior that reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and conserve valuable marine and terrestrial biodiversity.. As a facilitator and supporter of change, BIJAK will work with Indonesian policymakers, civil society organizations, private sector entities, research institutions, and other stakeholders to contribute to the following goals:
- National-level policies, laws, regulations, decrees, procedures, or fiscal and budgetary practices reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce wildlife trafficking, and conserve valuable terrestrial and marine biodiversity.
- National agencies and civil society employ updated legal, policy, regulatory, or procedural frameworks, strengthened and better coordinated networks, and accurate information flows to prevent and interdict wildlife trafficking.
- Extensive land-use industries, especially major palm oil companies and their suppliers, commit and adhere to sustainability pledges and adopt practices which protect high conservation value and high carbon stock forests across their operations. Green business practices are developed and shared widely in the business.
- Indonesian social norms and public opinion support targeted terrestrial and marine biodiversity conservation and low carbon development issues.
- Civil society networks and advocacy campaigns positively influence public opinion.
Beginning in Year 2, BIJAK will integrate its four programmatic technical components – improved low carbon and conservation oriented land use governance (Component 1), improved management of conservation areas and protection of key marine and terrestrial species (Component 2), improved private sector and land-based industry practices (primarily palm oil) (Component 3), and improved constituencies for conservation (Component 4) – to achieve the following:
- Improved conservation area and forest management (Technical Theme 1; involving Components 1,2,3 and 4); and
- Increased species protection (Technical Theme 2; involving Components 2 and 4).