Summary of Job Description
The World Bank’s Governance Global Practice seeks a short-term consultant to support the policy advice and analysis to support the National Strategy to Accelerate Stunting Prevention (Stranas Stunting). Specifically, the consultant work on issues related to fiscal transfer policy and subnational expenditures tracking, including the following tasks:
- Fiscal Transfer Policy Advice to Improve Stunting Interventions Coverage at the District Level. The Bank provides policy advice and technical support to the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Development Planning to improve results from earmarked transfers (DAK) for stunting interventions. The policy advice will support some “quick win” reforms, as well as longer term reform which may need more time to implement.
- Mapping and Tracking of Expenditures on the Stunting Program at the Sub-National level. The Bank supports the design and testing of methods to tag activities and expenditures on nutrition interventions identified as priorities in the Stranas Stunting that can be applied across SNGs and aggregate data nationally to support policy analysis.
The position will be based in Jakarta, Indonesia (with a possibility to start working remotely, given the COVID-19 situation). The desired start date is end-April, if possible. The position will initially be hired for about 60 days over a 6-months period.
Indonesia launched its 2018-2024 National Strategy to Accelerate Stunting Prevention (Stranas Stunting) with an ambitious target to reduce stunting rate by more than half to 14% by 2024, and committed 23 ministries and approximately IDR 51.9 trillion (USD 3.9 billion) to converge priority interventions across several sectors: health, water and sanitation, early childhood education, social protection, and food security. Led by the Vice President office, StraNas incentivizes collaboration across sectors and levels of government and enhance public financing reforms to improve spending efficiency. Findings of the recently completed Nutrition Public Expenditure Review (PER)1 suggest that “overall government spending on nutrition is adequate; instead outcomes may depend more on improving efficiency in the use of resources”. The core challenges of effective stunting interventions are of coordination across multiple sectors and clarity of roles and responsibilities for funding and delivering nutrition-related services across levels of government—from the center to districts to villages. In particular, role and capacity of District governments to improve nutrition-related services coverage and convergence are viewed as critical, as they have the primary responsibility for delivering most of the relevant basic services in health, nutrition, WASH and ECED; while the central government is responsible for setting policies and monitoring in these sectors, as well as for implementing key social assistance programs, such as the conditional cash transfer (PKH) and food assistance programs (BPNT/Sembako).
The World Bank has been supporting the Stranas Stunting in Indonesia through the Investing in Nutrition and Early Years (INEY) Program-for-Results since 2018. The Governance GP’s technical assistance and implementation support have focused on strengthening the government capacity and incentives to manage multisectoral approaches to nutrition—both at central and subnational levels—in the following areas: (i) results monitoring and data systems; (ii) expenditure and performance assessment; and (iii) District Convergence Capacity Building & Performance Assessment Systems. As the GOI advances the Stranas implementation, the Bank’s technical assistance focuses more on evaluation and learning from implementation experience, while also designing and testing new areas such as tracking of subnational resources for stunting. In addition, the Governance GP engagement in Indonesia—through complementary Programmatic Advisory Services and Analytics on PFM and decentralization reforms— aims to improve quality of spending and service delivery performance through addressing the broader systemic PFM issues at the national and subnational level, such as alignment of planning and budgeting processes and predictability of fiscal transfers to subnational governments.
In particular, the focus of this assignment is to support the implementation of the following activities:
a. Fiscal Transfer Policy Advice to Improve Stunting Interventions Coverage at the District Level
The central government provides earmarked fiscal transfers (DAKs) to Districts for delivery of basic services critical for stunting interventions, ranging from operational funding of primary health care and early childhood education facilities (BOK Puskesmas; BOP PAUD) to infrastructure provision for health, water and sanitation facilities. The sectoral instruments are fragmented and not supporting the convergence of service delivery, given different allocation and technical criteria established and implemented by respective sectors.
The Bank provides policy advice and technical support to MOF and Bappenas to improve results from DAK for stunting interventions. The policy advice will support some “quick win” reforms, as well as longer term reform which may need more time to implement.
b. Mapping and Tracking of Expenditures on the Stunting Program at the Sub-National level
Understanding the effectiveness of spending on Nutrition interventions at the Subnational level is important, as the main responsibilities for basic services delivery in health, education and infrastructure provision are with the District governments. However, unlike with the central government, identifying how the resources are allocated and managed by District governments is challenging as evidenced by the 2020 Nutrition PER, so that it is difficult to get a holistic picture of spending by different levels of government. The PER found that the analysis cannot be completed for all SNGs due to lack of consistent and comparable data as there is no standardized budget classifications and chart of accounts (BC/COA) used by SNGs. This results in different definitions of programs and activities across SNGs, leading to challenges in consolidating and aggregating fiscal data nationally. For the study, realized expenditure data was available from MOF for 38 out of 514 districts, and detailed data collection was conducted in 6 sample districts.
The Bank is supporting the design and testing of methods to tag activities and expenditures on nutrition interventions identified as priorities in the Stranas Stunting that can be applied across SNGs and aggregate data nationally to support policy analysis.
Scope of Work
The Consultant shall work closely with the World Bank team to undertake the following tasks:
- Fiscal Transfer Policy Advice to Improve Stunting Interventions Coverage at the District Level
- Support policy dialogue with Government of Indonesia GoI on improving the effectiveness offiscal transfer instruments to support nutrition interventions at the district level.
- Conduct analysis on the targeting of DAK Fisik related to stunting interventions based on KRISNA and OM-SPAN data
- Conduct analysis of DAK Non Fisik reporting requirements and data in MOF to support the improved standardization of DAK Non Fisik reporting (BOK expenditures and results)
- Perform other analyses as required to support the objective of the assignment
- Mapping and Tracking of Expenditures on the Stunting Program at the Sub-National level
- Conduct analysis of the processes and systems in MOF for identifying, tracking and consolidating DAK Fisik and Non Fisik expenditures and results for nutrition interventions identified as priorities in the Stranas Stunting
- Support the design of the draft methodology for tagging and tracking expenditures on nutrition interventions and its testing in a few sample sub-national governments.
How to Apply
The consultant is responsible for the following deliverables:
Fiscal Transfer Policy Advice to Improve Stunting Interventions Coverage at the District Level
- Analysis of DAK Fisik allocation for Stunting Intervention for FY 2019, 2020 and 2021
- Input to Proposal Guideline for DAK Stunting
- Policy Note on Performance-Based DAK For Stunting
- Note on Standardization of DAK Non Fisik reporting (BOK expenditures and results)
Mapping and Tracking of Expenditures on the Stunting Program at the Sub-National level
- Note for Tracking DAK Fisik and Non Fisik Expenditures and Results for Stunting Interventions
- Report on Tracking of Stunting Intervention Expenditures at the subnational level
Advice, coordination, presentations and meetings as needed
- Advanced degree in economics, political science, public administration, regional planning, development or relevant field;
- Minimum 6 years of relevant work experience;
- Strong knowledge of intergovernmental fiscal system, local government and service delivery in Indonesia, including familiarity with province and district development planning and budgeting processes.
- Fluency in English and good writing skills.
- Good team worker, self-motivated.