Market Scan Consultant
|Location:||Jakarta, Semarang, Lombok|
|Application Deadline:||December 8, 2019|
|Contract Type:||Professional Service Contract|
|Expected Starting Date:||December 18, 2019|
|Contract Period:||December 18, 2019 – January 31, 2020|
Since overcoming the financial crisis in the 1998, Indonesia’s economic growth has been impressive at an average of 6% annually over the last decade. Economic growth has increased investment and opened up job opportunities, leading to a halving of the overall unemployment rate, from 11.24% in 2005 to 5.7% in 2014 (OECD, 205). The demand by industry for graduates from senior high school and tertiary education increased from 22% in 2002 to 35% of graduating students in 2013 (World Bank, 2015). It is estimated by the Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Economic Development in Indonesia (MP3EI) that the country will need 113 million skilled workers by 2030, an average of 3.2 million additional skilled workers per year.
One third of the total workforce is aged 15 to 29. This demographic ‘youth bulge’ is a potential socioeconomic advantage for the country, though this depends on the availability of jobs for youth, as continued high youth unemployment will create huge costs in the future (OECD, 2015). The unemployment rate among youth aged 15 to 24 years was 18.3% in February 2015 (gender disaggregated data not available), representing 56% of the total national unemployment rate. Among the unemployed youth, 44% have low educational backgrounds (below junior high school) and are therefore ill-equipped for the modern labor market (ILO, 2015). Children and youth with disabilities face serious disadvantages throughout schooling and in the world of work. Access to formal employment is especially difficult for youth with disabilities, especially young women (TNP2K, 2014).
The female labor participation rate has increased only slowly over the last decade and at 54% is significantly lower than for men at 86%, and is one of the lowest in South East Asia143. Of the total number of employees, 53.6% work in informal employment and 46.4% in formal employment. Women represent only 35.4% of employees in the formal sector. On the other hand, women are more likely to work in vulnerable situations (48% of female workers).
Related the program YEE Pathway will sharpen its gender transformative approach and work with strategic public and private stakeholders to achieve advocacy objectives on gender equality and girls’ rights for economic opportunity.
With the Above situation, Wired For Word (W4W) Project will establish labor demand and supply, where around 45 million youth (ILO, 2015) will process to cope with this demand, a supply strategy need to be in place, one of those strategies is Market Scan. W4W Project would like to conduct market scan to all area program implementation in December 2019 – January 2020.
- Objectives of the Assignment
The purposes of this survey are:
- To gain a comprehensive information about Indonesia’s situation in terms of youth and employment.
- To gain information about the potential industries that are suitable for youth in the area (Jakarta, Semarang and Lombok).
- To gain information about company profile and job profile in the company from one specific company from the industry.
- Scope of Work/Duties and Responsibilities
There are three steps in this direct observation. First, we need to do desk research to get secondary data on current situation. Second, we will do some focus group discussion to validate the data from desk review. Third, we will do some in-depth interviews with company management as representation of each industry.
There are four criteria that we used to select the industry:
- Sectoral GDP. Sectoral GDP is used to see market size in general from selected industries.
- The distribution of labor as a basis measures the demand for labor.
- Availability of training facilities. This variable is important to be considered because the sustainability of the program have to be maintained. Plan can work with local training institutions to run its programs.
- The distribution of employment for migrant workers.
Focus Group Discussions
Focus Group Discussions (FGD) will be carried out for youth groups in 3 (three) areas (Jakarta, Semarang and Lombok). Each group will be composed by 8-10 person with different age ranging from 18-29 years old, working or unemployed. These discussions are conducted in order to validate desk research result and to get information on opportunities available in the area as well as youth interests.
In-Depth Interview Method
In-depth interviewing, also known as unstructured interviewing, is a type of interview which researchers use to elicit information in order to achieve a holistic understanding of the interviewee’s point of view or situation; it can also be used to explore interesting areas for further investigation. This type of interview involves asking informants open-ended questions, and probing wherever necessary to obtain data deemed useful by the researcher. As in-depth interviewing often involves qualitative data, it is also called qualitative interviewing.
All of data collected in the survey will then be submitted to the Market Scan tool provided by Plan International Asia Regional Office at http://www.plan-yes.online. It is recommended for the consultant to review the tool before starting the observation.
- Key Deliverables and Level of Effort
|No./Phase||Objectives||Activities||Deliverables||Estimated level of effort|
|1||Get familiar with tool||Tool review||Detailed work plan||2 days|
|2||Get secondary data on country and region profile as well as employment information||Desk research||Information on country and region profile and potential industries for youth||2 weeks|
|3||Get primary data on local opportunities and interests of youth in the area||Focus group discussions||Information on opportunities available in the area as well as youth interests||1 week|
|4||Get first-hand information on company and job profiles||In-depth interview||Information on company and job profile from each potential industry||1 week|
|5||Write report||Analyse data and get conclusion||Final report||3 days|
- Duration of the Assignment
The duration of this research is estimated to be 45 days. It includes creating research design and work plan as well as final report writing.
The consultant will provide their own equipment and needs for the research, such as laptops, internet connection, etc. including travel cost. Yayasan Plan International Indonesia will link consultant to project partners in the area to coordinate and get more information about the area.
- Key Principles, Approach and Ethical Consideration
Yayasan Plan International Indonesia Staff and consultant must adhere to Plan International Child and Youth Safeguarding and Protection. The consultant must follow Ethical Principles for involving human subjects in a research and obtain written/ verbal consent from the human subjects. Permission from elder must be sought if the children under 18 years are involved as subjects. Signed informed consent of each child and his/her parents need to take after explaining purpose of the study and its usage. Training on this will be part of the training provided for the team.
All the projects managed by Yayasan Plan International Indonesia and is partners, should also aligned with Plan International global ambition to reach 100 million girls, using gender transformative approach in delivering its tasks. In this assignment, the Consultant is expected to apply gender transformative approach through addressing gender norms, strengthening girls’ and young women’s agency, advancing girls’ and women’s condition and position, working with boys and men to embrace gender equality, responding to the needs and interest of girls and boys in all their diversity, and fostering an environment that enables gender equality and girls’ rights.
- Required experience and qualifications
The consultant should possess experience and qualification of:
- Conducting qualitative methods of survey as well as desk research
- Familiar with economic and employment issues in Indonesia
- Analytical and report writing skill
- Application Procedure
Yayasan Plan International Indonesia (Plan Indonesia) invites firms/teams of consultant with relevant expertise and portfolio to apply for the assignment by sending:
- A letter of intent
- Proposal of the assignment with the following content: (a) background; (b) approach and methodology of the assignment outlining key activities and key deliverables produced; (c) workplan; (d) personnel involved
- Proposed budget, to include travel and perdiem of personnel involved.
- Organization Profile with the information on: (a) current and previous relevant works and clients/users; (b) CV of the personnel involved in the assignment and their key responsibilities/roles in the assignment.